Physical exercise improves mental function, autonomy, memory, speed, “body image” and the feeling of well-being, stability in personality characterized by optimism, euphoria and mental flexibility occurs.
Physical activity programs should provide relaxation, endurance, muscular strength and flexibility. In the interaction of the body in space and time through movement, many learning of human beings are built. This construction is done through a series of educational experiences that are promoted through exploration, practice and internalization and structuring the so-called body schema
In the V Congress of the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition it has highlighted the importance of sports activities for the physical, mental and social development. In addition, sport has a great influence on the prevention of many diseases such as obesity, hypertension and diabetes.
It is estimated that between 9 to 16 percent of deaths in developed countries can be attributed to a sedentary lifestyle. In the state of health of a person this is a fundamental factor that is combined with other important determinants such as genetic makeup, age, nutritional status, hygiene, health, stress and snuff.
Benefits of Sports on Physical and Mental Health of Individuals:
On the heart:
Decreases heart rate at rest and when an effort is made, the amount of blood ejected from the heart with each beat.
Thus cardiac efficiency is higher “spending” less energy to work.
It stimulates circulation within the heart muscle favoring the “power” of the heart. On the circulatory system:
It contributes to the reduction in blood pressure.
It increases blood circulation in all the muscles.
Reduces the formation of clots in the arteries so that the occurrence of heart attacks and brain thrombosis is prevented.
Acts on the endothelium, which is the layer of cells lining inside the arteries secrete substances important for proper operation, improving their activity and keeping healthy and vigorous. All this for a direct action and through hormones that are released with exercise.
It improves venous operation preventing varicose vein apparition.
t increases the ability to use oxygen that reaches the body through the circulation.
Activity increases muscle enzymes, elements that allow improved muscle metabolism and therefore less need for cardiac work requirement.
Increase fat consumption during activity thus contributing to weight loss.
Assists in the reduction of total cholesterol and LDL ( “bad”) cholesterol with increased HDL ( “good”).
Improves glucose tolerance favoring the treatment of diabetes.
Increases the secretion of various hormones work and contributing to the improvement of body functions.
Collaborates in maintaining a full sex life.
Improves the immune response to infections or attacks of various kinds.
Strengthening of structures (bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons) and improved function of the musculoskeletal system effectively contributing to the quality of life and degree of independence, especially among the elderly.
Gastric symptoms and decreases the risk of colon cancer
Individuals who perform physical training stop smoking more easily and there is an inverse relationship between exercise and smoking.
On the psychological aspects:
It increases the feeling of wellbeing and reduces mental stress. release of endorphins, the body’s own substances with morphine-like chemical structure, favoring the “feel good” after exercise occurs.
Decreases the degree of aggressiveness, anger, anxiety, anguish and depression.
It reduces the feeling of fatigue. It gives you more energy and work capacity.
About the locomotor
Increases muscle elasticity and joint.
Increases the strength and endurance of muscles.
Prevents the onset of osteoporosis.
Prevents muscle deterioration caused by the years.
It facilitates movement of daily life.
It contributes to the greater independence of the elderly.
Changes, Now You Can!
– The Team FIT2ONE